Thursday, March 08, 2018

Coffee plant cultivation

Coffee plants are grown in greenhouses until they are a few inches tall. After about six months, they are transplanted into rows about three to ten feet (one to three meters apart on a coffee plantation.

A cultivated coffee plant is a small tree or a shrub. It consists of the three recognizable vegetative organs - stems, leaves and roots – common to most plants. It has a main trunks and horizontal branches that’s support its large, elliptical-shape leaves, which are dark green and shiny due to a waxy coating.

The coffee plant when regularly grown and pruned forms a very handsome bush, and in a state of health is well covered with dark green foliage.
Farmers normally regularly prune to about 12 to 15 feet high in order to make harvesting easier. During growing season, farmers inspect coffee plants for diseases such as leaf rust and for insect that damage the crops.

The leaves are from 3 to 5 inches long and nearly 2 broad, having a wavy margin and beautiful glossy appearance. A healthy, mature coffee bush may yield from 12 to 15 pounds of coffee cherries per year.

Arabica coffee grows best in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. In particular, coffee plants are adapted to warm climates with year-round temperatures about 70 ° F; at least 60 inches of rainfall a year. Robusta is more tolerant of warm temperatures and is cultivated in poorer soils closer to the equator.
Coffee plant cultivation
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